Transgender people in Brazil continue to be killed at an extremely
concerning rate. According to the National Association of Travestis and
Transexual People (ANTRA), 15 trans people were killed in Brazil in September
alone, an average of one every 48 hours. From January 1 to September 30 of this
year, 89 transgender people have been killed across the country. In the
majority of these killings, evidence of extreme violence is present, as seen in
the following examples:
September 15, the body of 26-year-old travesti Bruna Torres was
discovered in the state of Sao Paulo.
Bruna’s throat had been slit while her hands and feet were tied.
September 20, the body of Médely Razard, a 15-year-old transgender girl, was
found in a wooded area in the Sao Paulo metro area. Médely was found with a gag
in her mouth and signs of physical trauma. The police concluded that she was
sexually assaulted and killed by strangulation with a cord.
The body of
travesti Junia Bispo was found on September 29 in Uberlândia, Minas
Gerais, showing various signs of a violent attack including thirteen stab
In August of this year, as ANTRA submitted the report Killings
and Violence Against Travestis and Transsexual People in Brazil: 2018 to
Inter-American Human Rights Commissioner Margarette May Macaulay, the
organization’s Secretary of Political Relations Bruna Benevides said:
“This dossier is stained with blood and based above all on a cry for help. What more can we do as institutions, companions, organizations and movements to prevent other travestis, trans women and men and non-binary people from being killed for who they are?”
More transgender people are killed in Brazil than in any
other country, with 163 such cases recorded in 2018. It is clear that trans people
in Brazil live in a context of great violence and that the Brazilian state is
not achieving, or even seeking to achieve, protection of trans people’s lives.
As Brazil experiences a serious political backlash against
the LGBTI population, it is essential to bring attention to the danger that
trans people face and their basic struggle to survive. As part of Race and
Equality’s continued commitment to equality and justice, we call upon the
Brazilian state to investigate these deaths and guarantee that all Brazilians
can freely express their sexual orientation and gender identity.
is a category of gender identity frequently used in Latin American
countries. It describes a person who is assigned a male gender at birth and
assumes a feminine gender role, sometimes through “feminizing” body
modifications such as hormone therapy, breast implants or silicone injections.