The International Institute on Race, Equality and Human Rights (Race and Equality) condemns Cuban authorities’ prohibition of women’s rights activists to leave the country, as well as grave violations of their human rights.
Institute on Race, Equality and Human Rights (Race and Equality) condemns Cuban
authorities’ prohibition of women’s rights activists to leave the country, as
well as grave violations of their human rights.
On December 5,
several Cuban activists from various organizations were denied exit from the
country by authorities. While some were explicitly informed that they were
“regulated” – the term used by State Security to prohibit activists and
independent journalists from leaving the country – others were sent to the Citizenship
went to the home of Madelyn Rodríguez Martin, a lawyer from the Consejería
Jurídica e Instrucción Cívica (Legal Counseling and Civic Education), and
threatened her. Captain Otoniel told her that he knew she was going to travel
and that it was better not to go, that if she tried to leave her house they
would detain her for 72 hours.
In the case of Irina
León Valladares, an activist of the Movimiento Dignidad (Dignity
Movement), Major Orestes Ayala of State Security showed up at her mother’s
house, who suffers from hypertension, diabetes and other diseases, to warn her
to tell Irina that she could not leave the country because she was regulated,
and that they would only let her leave the country if she did not return. On
December 6, Ms. León Valladares went to the Immigration Office, and there, was
informed about the “regulation.”
Neurelina Cardo Brizo, an activist from the Comité Ciudadanos por la
Integración Racial–CIR (Citizens’ Committee for Racial Integration),
was notified at home that she was regulated. Major Alejandro went to her house
and informed her that she was regulated and cited to appear at the police station
on December 6 at 10 am. He did not tell her why she was being regulated.
arrived at the airport and was told that she was forbidden to leave the country.
While trying to investigate the reasons behind the ban, she was informed that
she should go to the Citizenship Office in Santiago de Cuba.
None of the activists
were informed of the reasons for which they were regulated or the reasons why
they had been prevented from leaving the country. These State Security actions
are part of an increase, in the last two months, of prohibitions by the Cuban
State so that human rights activists or journalists cannot leave the country – acts
that violate Cubans’ right to free circulation.
Race and Equality
calls on the Cuban State to cease harassment against human rights activists and
their families, and reminds the State that the defense of human rights is not a
criminal act, and as a right established in several of the treaties ratified by
Cuba, must be guaranteed. Likewise, we remind the State that human rights
defenders play an active role in the full development of egalitarian societies
and the defense of the rights of all human beings. Several international bodies
have highlighted their fundamental role and the need of the Cuban State to
protect and guarantee their rights.