Participation of the States
A total of 94 States made recommendations to Nicaragua to improve the human rights situation in that country, including several Ibero-American delegations such as Honduras, Mexico, El Salvador, Argentina, Peru, Uruguay, Paraguay, Venezuela, Cuba, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Haiti, Bahamas, the Dominican Republic, and Spain.
“My country recommends (Nicaragua) to decriminalize the right to hold peaceful protests and to free persons arbitrarily detained in the context of civil protests; to restore respect for freedom of expression and the press and free journalists who are imprisoned; to guarantee that all the people who were forced to leave Nicaragua since the beginning of the crisis can return, remain in the country in safety, and be free from reprisals; to eradicate the practice of sexual violence against women deprived of their liberty; and to resume the cooperation of Nicaragua with the Office of the High Commissioner, the IACHR and its mechanisms, and to assure them of all the guarantees necessary for the fulfillment of their mandates,” the representative of Costa Rica said.
The delegation of Spain also expressed concern over the human rights crisis in Nicaragua, along with other European countries such as Germany, France, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Poland, Switzerland, Sweden, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, and Malta.
The US delegation recommended that Nicaragua punish the officials, agents, and parapolice officers that have been responsible for human rights abuses, conduct investigations into the acts of violence, and allow social and religious organizations to work without restrictions or threats with legal punishment or against their lives.
Other recommendations that were made to Nicaragua were focused on respecting the guarantees of women’s sexual and reproductive rights, such as allowing access to voluntary abortion and expanding measures to reduce levels of teenage pregnancy. In addition, States recommended implementing measures to reinforce and promote equality for Afro-descendant and indigenous people, and that an LGBTI census is conducted to expand protection measures for these communities.
The UPR is one of the main tools of the Human Rights Council in which countries examine each other. These recommendations are fundamental for Nicaragua to overcome the current situation of serious human rights violations and to comply with the international obligations acquired through the ratification of the human rights conventions to which Nicaragua is a party.